Indoor Mapping: Why do I need it?
By now you have probably heard the statistic that approximately 80% of all 9-1-1 calls originate from mobile phones. More and more people are forgoing wireline telephone service and are relying on mobile phone service exclusively. But you may not have heard that according to a recent government study (pre COVID-19) the average US citizen spends over 80% of their life indoors. Yet historically, the one place where E9-1-1 Phase 2 wireless location has the most challenges is indoors.
Tragically, there have been cases where inability to locate 9-1-1 callers indoors quickly has resulted in fatalities. Thankfully, the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) and wireless industry are aware of this and are now implementing technology capable or calculating raw geodetic position measurements for 9-1-1 calls from mobile phones including indoors. However, a raw geodetic position measurement is just a set of numbers, and alone does not provide actionable understanding of caller location that could help reduce response times. Without an indoor map, a raw position measurement, while potentially very accurate and precise, is little more than a blue dot on an otherwise blank whiteboard.
Indoor maps are needed to fully unlock the life-saving potential of indoor geodetic positions of mobile phones during 9-1-1 calls that the industry has worked so hard to create.
Providing visual representation for 9-1-1
Since public safety can receive more accurate call location coordinates, what map resources do your 9-1-1 call takers and dispatchers need? Displaying a call icon on a GIS map showing a parcel area or the outline of a building does not provide the indoor context (stairs, doorways, rooms, floors, etc.) needed to make the indoor device-based location relevant.
9-1-1 call takers and dispatchers will more effectively be able to communicate the location of a caller with the context of an indoor map in the 9-1-1 mapping system.
There is value in 9-1-1 entities gathering and aggregating indoor maps for high-profile or risk venues (such as schools, high-rises, and government buildings) and provisioning into 9-1-1 mapping applications as soon as possible.
Finding a 9-1-1 caller inside a building, on the right floor location, in the right room location, and on the right map speeds the critical chain of communication to reduce response times. Imagine, being dispatched to a call and having the 9-1-1 call taker or dispatcher articulate the exact indoor location of the incident!
GeoComm provides an Indoor Mapping Service aimed at supporting law enforcement, fire, and medical responders by providing a visual representation of indoor spaces to 9-1-1 call takers or dispatchers.
When it comes to public safety, every second counts and accurate public safety location information is paramount to saving time. More accurate and precise, to the floor and room level, dispatchable locations of cell phones are coming to 9-1-1, but not without additional work and planning from 9-1-1 entities.
Related Blog Posts
December 9, 2020
On Tuesday, December 8th, 2020, GeoComm and RapidSOS hosted a webinar titled Advancing Location Intelligence: Accessing Indoor Maps from RapidSOS Portal. GeoComm’s John Brosowsky, Vice President of Innovation and RapidSOS’ Karin Marquez, Senior Director of Public Safety sat down to discuss: why now is the right time to equip 9-1-1 call takers and emergency responders with indoor location intelligence, the value indoor maps offer when combined with improved 9-1-1 caller location coordinates and Esri’s industry-leading mapping technology, and how to leverage location intelligence through RapidSOS Portal to create unprecedented situational awareness.
November 20, 2020
When answering a 9-1-1 call, access to accurate and up–to–date map data is essential because seconds count. Fortunately, achieving the necessary quality map data needed for 9-1-1 can happen with just a few steps. Your steps involve assessing, improving, maintaining, and sharing your Geographic Information System (GIS) data to fulfill its mission critical role in current and future 9-1-1 systems.